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Six Sigma Prioritization Matrix

Are you a product manager juggling multiple projects, trying to prioritize tasks that could keep you working non-stop?

Ever wished for a magic wand to sift through those tasks and highlight the most valuable ones?

Well, the Six Sigma Prioritization Matrix isn’t a magic wand, but in product management, it’s the closest thing.

In this guide, we’ll unravel the complexities of this powerful tool, ensuring you not only understand it but can wield it with expertise.

What is the Six Sigma Prioritization Matrix?

Six Sigma prioritization matrix is one of the seven management tools used in the Six Sigma methodology. It’s a visual diagram used to compare multiple data sets using weighted criteria.

You can use it to either filter or prioritize items within the matrix. A classic example of the Six Sigma matrix is the cause-and-effect diagram:

Here, you prioritize the causes, looking for the ones generating the biggest business impact.

It’s a crucial tool to improve your process quality in Six Sigma when:

  • Prioritizing complex issues with multiple criteria to compare against.
  • Choosing areas that need your immediate attention
  • Gathering support from your team about crucial issues

Introduction to the Six Sigma Prioritization Matrix

The Six Sigma prioritization matrix is a valuable tool for organizations to rank and prioritize improvement opportunities. 

Here’s how to build your first matrix:

Prioritization Matrix: Definition

The prioritization matrix comprises predefined criteria, including:

  • Customer impact
  • Cost savings potential
  • Resource requirements

These criteria are assigned relative weights and scores, enabling organizations to objectively evaluate and compare improvement opportunities.

Components of the Prioritization Matrix

The prioritization matrix typically consists of four quadrants:

  1. Low Effort, High Impact: Projects with the potential for significant improvement and requiring minimal effort.
  2. High Effort, High Impact: Projects that offer substantial benefits but require significant time and resources.
  3. Low Effort, Low Impact: Projects that may provide some improvement but do not yield significant results.
  4. High Effort, Low Impact: Projects that offer little value and require substantial effort.

To prioritize projects that offer the greatest return on investment, categorize improvement opportunities into these quadrants.

This will allow you to make strategic decisions that align with your goals.

Steps to Create a Six Sigma Prioritization Matrix

To create a Six Sigma prioritization matrix, follow these steps to evaluate and prioritize tasks, projects, or problems based on their impact and effort required. Here’s a simple guide to help you get started:

Define Criteria: 

Begin by defining the criteria for prioritization. In a typical Six Sigma prioritization matrix, the two main criteria are Impact and Effort:

  • Impact: The potential benefit or value that addressing a task or problem would bring to the organization.
  • Effort: The amount of resources, time, and energy required to address the task or problem.

Select the Matrix Format: 

Choose a suitable format for your matrix. The matrix is usually a two-dimensional chart with four quadrants, where one axis represents Impact, and the other represents Effort. Each quadrant will represent a different priority level.

List Tasks or Projects: 

Compile a comprehensive list of tasks, projects, or problems that need to be prioritized. Ensure that all items that require decision-making are included.

Rate Each Item: 

Rate each task or project on the predefined criteria of Impact and Effort. This can be done through scoring (e.g., on a scale of 1-10), ranking, or any other suitable method that quantifies the level of impact and effort for each item.

Plot Items on the Matrix: 

Based on their scores, plot each task or project on the matrix. The position of each item within the matrix will determine its priority:

Analyze and Prioritize: 

Analyze the placement of tasks or projects within the matrix to determine their priority. 

Quick Wins are usually the highest priority because they provide significant benefits for relatively little effort. 

Major Projects may also be high priority but will need more resources and planning. Fill-Ins can be done as time allows, while Thankless Tasks are generally the lowest priority.

Develop Action Plans: 

For items identified as high priority, develop detailed action plans outlining how and when these tasks will be addressed. Assign responsibilities and set timelines to ensure accountability.

Review and Update: 

The prioritization matrix should be a dynamic tool, reviewed and updated regularly as tasks are completed, priorities change, or new tasks emerge. This ensures that the organization remains focused on the most impactful and feasible projects.

By following these steps, teams can effectively use a Six Sigma prioritization matrix to make informed decisions, allocate resources efficiently, and align projects with their strategic objectives.

Understanding the Concept of Six Sigma

“The smart guy will outsmart himself. The lucky guy will run out of luck. The money guy will never have the desire. But hard work will take you anywhere you want to go.”

Bill Smith, the father of Six Sigma

Let’s take a moment to understand the foundations of Six Sigma. 

Developed by Motorola in the 1980s, Six Sigma is grounded in the belief that quality improvement is a key driver of business success. It aims to minimize defects and variations in processes enhance customer satisfaction and reduce costs.

Six Sigma is an umbrella term for multiple tools, frameworks, and systems for process improvement.

Two of the most popular are:


The DMAIC project methodology consists of five phases and is used to optimize and stabilize business processes and designs through a data-driven improvement cycle:

  • Define the system: Clearly state the business problem, goal, resources, project scope, and high-level timeline.
  • Measure: Collect data to establish process performance baselines.
  • Analyze: Investigate and verify cause and effect. Determine relationships and ensure all factors are considered.
  • Improve: Optimize the current process through data analysis techniques like design of experiments, poka yoke, and standard work to create a new, future state process. Conduct pilot runs to establish process capability.
  • Control: Correct any deviations from the target promptly to prevent defects. Use control systems like statistical process control, production boards, and visual workplaces to monitor the process continuously. Repeat until the desired quality level is achieved.


Also known as DFSS (“Design For Six Sigma”), the DMADV methodology’s five phases are:

  • Define: Set design goals that are consistent with customer demands and the enterprise strategy.
  • Measure: Identify CTQs (characteristics that are Critical To Quality), and measure product capabilities, production process capability, and risks.
  • Analyze: Develop and design alternatives
  • Design: Proceed to design the chosen alternative
  • Verify: Set up pilot runs, implement the production process, and hand it over to the process owner(s).

Six Sigma is a philosophy that impacts every aspect of an organization. It is based on the principle that all business processes can be measured, analyzed, improved, and controlled.

By focusing on measurable data, organizations can pinpoint areas for improvement, streamline processes, and eliminate errors and inefficiencies. This data-driven approach guarantees consistent quality and empowers informed decision-making across all levels.

The Philosophy Behind Six Sigma

Six Sigma is based on a strong foundation of principles that steer its implementation and guarantee its success. These principles are deeply rooted in the philosophy of achieving process excellence and customer satisfaction. 

By following these principles, organizations can establish a culture of continuous improvement and drive positive change. Now, let’s delve into these key principles.

  1. Customer focus: Six Sigma places a strong emphasis on identifying and understanding customer needs and expectations. By gaining a deep understanding of what customers truly value, organizations can align their processes and deliver products and services that exceed customer expectations.
  2. Process improvement: At the heart of Six Sigma is the relentless pursuit of identifying and eliminating the root causes of defects and inefficiencies. By applying rigorous statistical analysis and problem-solving techniques, organizations can streamline their processes, reduce waste, and improve overall performance.
  3. Data-driven decision-making: Six Sigma relies on the power of data and statistical tools to make informed decisions. By collecting and analyzing relevant data, organizations can gain valuable insights into their processes, identify trends, and make data-backed decisions that drive continuous improvement.
  4. Employee involvement: Six Sigma recognizes that employees are the driving force behind process improvement. Engaging and empowering employees at all levels of the organization is crucial for success. By involving employees in problem-solving and decision-making processes, organizations can tap into their knowledge and expertise, fostering a culture of ownership and continuous improvement.
  5. Management leadership: Strong leadership and support from top management are essential for the successful implementation of Six Sigma initiatives. Leaders play a crucial role in setting the vision, providing resources, and creating an environment that fosters a culture of continuous improvement.
  6. Results-oriented approach: Six Sigma is all about setting measurable goals and tracking progress toward achieving them. By defining clear objectives and regularly monitoring performance, organizations can ensure that their improvement efforts are on track and delivering tangible results.

By embracing these key principles, organizations can unlock the full potential of Six Sigma and drive significant improvements in quality, efficiency, and customer satisfaction. Six Sigma is not a one-time project; it is a continuous journey toward excellence.

The Role of Prioritization in Six Sigma

Prioritization is a fundamental aspect of Six Sigma, as it enables you to allocate resources effectively and focus your efforts on areas that will yield the most significant impact. 

This allows you to optimize their processes, improve productivity, and achieve desired outcomes more efficiently.

For example, Six Sigma will make sure your team focuses on the most critical features of your app.

Instead of digging your way out of the backlog, you’ll have a systemized approach to developing a product that exceeds customer expectations.

Six Sigma also helps you in managing risks effectively. By identifying and prioritizing potential risks, organizations can allocate resources to mitigate them before they become major issues.

Another benefit of prioritization is aligning improvement initiatives with strategic objectives. 

When you prioritize improvements based on their alignment with the business goals, you ensure not wasting resources on initiatives that don’t contribute to the organization’s long-term vision.


The Six Sigma Prioritization Matrix is not a tool for the faint of heart.

It requires analysis, insight, and a fair amount of arithmetic. But for those willing to invest the time, it pays dividends in strategic clarity and direction.

For product managers, the matrix is a beacon in the fog, shedding light on the path to success. So, roll up your sleeves, prepare to crunch some numbers, and watch as your projects find their focus and soar to new heights.

And if you need help, try the best product management tool and start prioritizing effortlessly.

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